Government of Nepal
Ministry of Finance
AID MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR NEPAL
The learning from IM’s last strategic period, recently conducted context analysis study, and evaluations of IM’s strategic plan (2015-2017) and SWC (mid-term and final-term) evaluations evident that the main problems are high poverty among targeted groups, which are linked to exclusions from enjoyment of economic, social, rights of the targeted groups especially women, youth, children from marginalized communities.
Study found that majority of population in project locations are highly food insecure as agriculture production last for less than 6 months for 49 % of the population (Source: context analysis report of NEAT, 2018). Low level of income and food insecurity is due to lack of access to inputs, technologies and markets. Due to limited access to the productive resources, problems related to gender and caste has contributed to hinder the economic empowerment of the marginalized communities specially women and youths. More involvement of women to unpaid care work ( Women do 8.5 hours of unpaid care work whereas men do for 3.5 hours), low level of access to properties like land (only 20 % women have land ownership certificate), discriminated wage rate to women (women earn half of monthly wage income of men) are hindering women for their economic empowerment. Involvement of women and youth is low at decision-making structures and processes from family to societal level. Lack of awareness about the government plans and policies and due to lack of awareness about their rights for promotion of economic, social and cultural situation, marginalized communities are not getting access to the resources and services from the government line agencies and other concerned stakeholders to the extent it is expected and planned by the state.
Within this context, consultation with target groups reinforced the need for agriculture inputs supports including seed, services and technologies, irrigation and market networking for production and marketing of the agriculture products. The need was also identified on provisioning of skill based training and entrepreneurship development. Awareness of government plan and programs among the target communities is also identified as one of the pertinent need so that marginalized communities can access to the government resources more comfortably.
Similarly, social exclusion seems still prevalent in the remote targeted communities as key social barriers exists that include gender and caste based discriminations, and patriarchal and feudal mindset towards inclusion and rights of women, marginalized, poor and vulnerable group. Traditional and harmful practices still prevails e.g. child marriage, untouchability etc. Context analysis highlights the need for meaningful and proportional participation of marginalized groups in local governance and decision making processes at family, society and public spheres. Within this context target groups and stakeholders felt the need of critical awareness and social mobilization of the targeted groups and close partnership with all level of stakeholders including boys and men and non-dalits to reduce the social and gender discriminations, gender based violence and harmful practice. These needs will be addressed by the project under social empowerment component.
Access to basic education in project areas seems high. However, child and gender friendly school environment is still far away. High dropout rates among girls, child marriage and poor school governance, lack of adequate teachers and poor education quality are the major concerns that reflected in SMC/PTA consultation. Similarly, the issue of a lack of strong and vibrant civil society including their poor governance and transparency. The needs expressed by the educational stakeholders is to improve school governance, capacity building and supports for quality education to make child friendly and girl’s friendly environment. These needs will be addressed by the project under quality education theme.
• Hardware activities: supports for skill development training, agriculture inputs supports for women and youth friendly enterprise, market infrastructures, agriculture demonstrations/model plots, micro irrigation supports, integrated pond development and management, support for setting up handicraft based enterprises, technical training to farmers/target groups on sustainable agriculture technologies, agriculture model development and replication, market linkage, government programs and institutional development of target groups and local partners
• Software activities: awareness and social mobilization for target groups' social and economic empowerment, local resource mobilization and access to government programs, linkages of best practices to national level and advocacy for effective policy implementation.
Social Empowerment and Education:
• Hardware activities: Support 6 schools with quality education materials, basic repair and maintenance for girls’ and boys’ friendly school environment, income generation support to very needy poorest families with women and youth friendly enterprises/income generation activities, capacity building of schools actors (SMC, PTAs, Teachers, Child clubs and girls education groups) for inclusive school governance, skill development for youth, young women, facilitate for development and effective implementation of school improvement plans, Local Governments’ Education Plans.
• Software activities: Social mobilization and awareness on access to government programs, services, and linkages of best practices to national level, campaign on child marriage etc, mobilizing youth clubs, GESI work, access to government services related to social and economic rights, youth leadership and mobilization.
Outputs under Outcome 1:
1.1 Women and youths from marginalized communities from IM working area are organized for managing inputs, production, and marketing of their products;
1.2 Increased access of services for production, market, and finance for adopting enterprises by women and youths of marginalized communities
1.3 Enhanced capacity of Partner NGOs, and targeted groups to work together with the government to influence for increased economic opportunities, and to replicate the good practices.
Outputs under Outcome 2:
2.1 Girls and boys from targeted marginalized communities benefited from improved school environment, improved teaching learning practices, and increased awareness among the parents
2.2 Public schools in IM working areas are strengthened to deliver quality education with improved governance
Outputs under Outcome 3:
3.1 Increased initiations of local level govt. and non-govt. actors for promoting social inclusion of women and youth from marginalized communities in local governance and development processes
3.2 Increased leadership of women and youth from marginalized communities with reduced child marriage and social discriminations
Local level governments and its constituencies including Rural Municipalities, local level executive committee, local level assembly, sub-committees, local judicial committee, Nepal Police, etc
Civil society organizations, private sectors, CBOs, Women Groups, Child Clubs, Local Media, Cooperatives, Political Parties, Community People, Beneficiaries, Individual Thematic Experts/Activists, etc.
Objectives and Activities with physical targets
· Economic Empowerment
· Social Empowerment
1. Improved economic status of women and youths of marginalized communities from IM’s working area
2. Increased access to quality education of marginalized children and specially girls through enhancing girls/child friendly school environment, improved school governance and parental awareness
3. Increased social inclusion and empowerment of target groups through promotion of GESI, reduced social discriminations, and malpractices of child marriage.
Impact/Goal: Improved socio-economic status of women and youths from marginalized communities in IM’s working areas through sustainable livelihoods, social inclusion and education interventions
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