Government of Nepal
Ministry of Finance
AID MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR NEPAL
NPL Pooled Appeal Earthquake 2015 SoF: 99700163
On Saturday, 25th of April 2015, a powerful earthquake of magnitude 7.8 on the Richter scale hit Nepal. The epicentre of the earthquake was in Gorkha District, about 80 km north-west of the capital, Kathmandu. The quake was felt as far as Dhaka in Bangladesh and Delhi in India, making it the biggest earthquake Nepal has seen in 80 years. Less than 3 weeks later, another earthquake measuring 7.3 in magnitude struck on Tuesday May 12th with an epicentre southeast of Kodari, in Sindhupalchowk District, 76 km northeast of Kathmandu. The heavy destruction and damage resulting from the first earthquake was further exacerbated as some eight million people across 39 of Nepal’s 75 districts were affected, with 14 districts considered to be the ‘worst affected’.
A total of 498,852 houses were categorized as fully collapsed or damaged beyond repair and 256,697 houses were partly damaged, according to the Ministry of Home Affairs. In addition, numerous schools were destroyed and damaged and the earthquakes greatly impacted on public health infrastructures. As of 30th October 2015, UN OCHA reported that 8,891 individuals lost their lives and 22,309 people were injured. From that figure, 2,737 children lost their lives and 2,107 children were injured.
Save the Children adapted and updated its response projects to ensure they are relevant. One of the major initiatives over the last several months was to focus on beneficiary selection (versus blanket coverage), so that the most affected and marginalized people receive benefits
Save the Children implemented a three-phased response to enable the strategic provision of impartial humanitarian aid. This phased approach provided a strategic opportunity to strengthen child rights governance in an emergency context in Nepal. The three phases of the response include:
· Acute Emergency Response
· Early Recovery & Winterization
· Recovery phase and transition to Development
As of the writing of this report, Save the Children is solidly in the recovery phase and programs are now phases out and are now integrated into the overall country office regular programming.
Over the repose period, the pooled funds were used primarily to support many unfunded aspects of the emergency response, including surge staff, match requirements, quick impact projects and support costs. However, the bulk of the money has been used to support programs, including construction, food security and livelihoods, DRR and health and nutrition. During the third and final year of the response, the majority of the funds were used for construction of schools and shelter.
As of completion of 3 years of the response, Save the Children has reached all together 586,410 individuals, including 354,273 children. Save the Children was one of the first agencies to respond in the earthquake affected districts and continued the earthquake response in coordination with Social Welfare Council, District Disaster Relief Committees (DDRC), National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) and local partners across all 11 earthquake affected districts. During the third phase of the response, Save the Children implemented the recovery and reconstruction activities in 7 earthquake affected districts.
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