Government of Nepal
Ministry of Finance
AID MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR NEPAL
Poverty and Hunger: In Nepal, 21.6 % population live below the poverty line. Low income of the poor is exacerbated by limited opportunities and participation. Severe constraints in agriculture (land ownership and size, technology and inputs) mean poverty and hunger is primarily rural and linked with subsistence farmers and tenants (i.e. landless farmers). Far- and Mid- Western regions are the most disadvantaged. Hill and Terai Dalits, and indigenous minorities remain the poorest segments. The poor in Nepal typically have more children and larger household size, are illiterate or have very low literacy, and are landless or have less than 0.5 ha of land.
Gender and participation: Despite government efforts and supports from the international community, discriminatory practices such as untouchability of Dalits and discrimination against women & people with disability still remain a challenges. Due to this reason, human development indices vary more widely by caste and ethnicity in addition to regional disadvantages, with lower HDI rankings for Dalits, and other minorities, including Muslims, and indigenous groups.
Alternative employment opportunities: Land fragmentation, absence of entrepreneurship skills and insufficient local job opportunities encourage young men into wage labour and migration to urban areas in Nepal, India or other foreign countries. An estimated one-third of working-age men are abroad, sending remittances to about 56% of all households, which constitutes 35% of total family income. Labour migrants also bring back social remittances such as knowledge, skills and social capital, but opportunities to use them, and awareness to use the remittance is very limited. Moreover, increasing migration is also triggering several socio-economic problems in the society.
Disasters, climate change and refugees: Nepal suffers a range of natural hazards, being highly vulnerable to earthquake, landslide and flood, which threaten life and assets, especially of the marginalized families. Climate change effects are already intensifying the impacts of disaster. Nepal is highly exposed to a range of water-related hazards such as floods and drought, changing weather patterns, and changes in pest dynamics. Nepal Government is still hosting Bhutanese refugees. The GoN, UNHCR and WFP have been extending generous and lifesaving support to these refugees for many years. LWF Nepal has been engaged to implement the refugee assistance programs since long.
Good Governance: Despite the various efforts by the Government of Nepal and international communities, the awareness and empowerment at the grassroots level is low due to inadequate information, education, capacities to claim for services and resources.
Given the current socio-economic context of poverty and disaster vulnerability, LWF Nepal proposes to apply a pro-poor, gender-responsive, inclusive and conflict-sensitive approach to contribute to empower and reduce poverty and hunger amongst the most disadvantaged.
 14th Plan, the Government of Nepal
 (i) Central Bureau of Statistics. National Sample Census of Agriculture 2004
 Central Bureau of Statistics. 2011
a1.1 Enhanced capacity of disadvantaged communities to reduce disaster risk and to prepare for, respond to and, when necessary recover from emergencies and disasters.
a1.2 Established and strengthen community base disaster management organization linking with local authorities.
a2.1 Disaster affected population and refugees have timely accessed to basic lifesaving services.
a2.2 Camp population and host communities have accessed to improve care and maintenance services.
a3.1 LRRD is mainstreamed in planning cycle management (PCM)
a3.2 Mainstreaming issue of 10,000 disaster affected communities in development process.
B1: Increased and enhanced food security and nutrition of poor, vulnerable and socially excluded people
b1.1 Improved farm/off farm income of poor, vulnerable & socially excluded people by diversifying livelihood options
b1.2 Improved sanitation and health of the poor, vulnerable and socially excluded people with improved and WASH facilities
b2.1 Improved entrepreneurial knowledge and skills of the poor, vulnerable and socially excluded people
b2.2 Improved access to productive resources including market of the poor, vulnerable and socially excluded people
c1.1 Enhanced capacity of the priority population to access resources and services
c1.2 Improved transparency and accountability practiced by right holders and stakeholders
c2.1 Strengthened capacity of community based structure for evidence based advocacy
c2.2 Increased coordination and collaboration with the government agencies and duty bearers on identified advocacy issues
c3.1 Increased awareness against caste/gender/age/disability based discrimination and violence
c3.2 Collective actions of communities /organized group for advocacy and justice
d1.1: Functional learning & sharing environment within & outside LWF Nepal
A1: People and communities have increased resilience and inclusive institutional arrangements and able to reduce disaster risk.
A2: Disaster affected population, IDPs, refugees and host communities have timely and relevant basic humanitarian assistance, care and maintenance services.
B2: Improved skills and knowledge, increase access to resources (natural and
C1: Increased capacities of target communities in terms of accessing resources and services, and improving transparency and accountability
C2: Strengthened civil society and decisions in favors of their needs
C3: Reduced discrimination among target communities
D1: A learning organization with effective & efficient HRM ensuring quality & accountability.
to contribute in sustained improvement of the quality of life of the low-income rural communities.
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